*rangy \RAYN-jee\ (adjective) –
1 : Slim and long-limbed.
2 : Inclined to roaming.
‘Bernhard was a rangy, spirited man in his seventies with a shock of greying red hair who resembled nothing so much as a bemused, intelligent stork.’
From Middle English range (row), from Old French rangier (to arrange). Ultimately from Indo-European root sker- (to turn or bend), the source of ranch, rank, shrink, circle, crisp, search, ring, curb, ridge, and curve.
rapine \RAP-in\ (noun) –
The act of plundering; the seizing and carrying away of another’s property by force.
"Let us look again upon mankind: interest is stull the ruling motive, and the world is yet full of fraud and corruption, malevolence and rapine." — Samuel Johnson, ‘The Adventurer’
Rapine derives from Latin rapina, from rapere, "to seize and carry off, to snatch or hurry away," which also gives us rapid.
rapport \ra-POR; ruh-\ (noun) – A relation, especially one characterized by sympathetic understanding, emotional affinity, or mutual trust.
"While the new guidance counselor felt that he had a good rapport with the students, in reality they thought him a clueless stiff."
Rapport comes from French, from Old French, from raporter, "to bring back," from re-, "back, again" (from Latin) + aporter, "to bring" (from Latin apportare, from ad-, "to" + portare, "to carry").
rebarbative \ree-BAR-buh-tiv\ (adjective) – Serving or tending to irritate or repel.
"Over the several hours of the party a lot of rebarbative, ulcerated and embittered people had been working hard at bedding their resentments down in sensory-deprivation tanks full of alcohol."
Rebarbative comes from French rebarbatif, "stern, surly, grim, forbidding," from Middle French rebarber, "to be repellent," from re- (from the Latin) + barbe, "beard" (from Latin barba).
recrudescent \ree-kroo-DES-uhnt\ (adjective) – Breaking out again after temporary abatement or suppression; as, a recrudescent epidemic.
"Jenna’s recrudescent acne had a tendency to make its appearance at the most inconvenient of times, such as when she had a date or public appearance."
Recrudescent derives from the present participle of Latin recrudescere, "to bleed again, hence to break out again," from re-, "again" + crudescere, from crudus, "bleeding, raw."
repartee \rep-uhr-TEE\ (noun) –
1 : A quick, witty reply or conversation.
2 : Cleverness in making witty conversation.
‘The repartee between the four co-hosts of the morning program was a delicate affair and was utterly lost when one of them left to host another show.’
From repartie (retort), from repartir (to retort), from re- + partir (to part or divide), from Latin partire (to divide), from pars (part).
repository \ri-POZ-i-tor-ee, -tore-ee\ (noun)
1 : A place where things may be put for safekeeping.
2 : A warehouse.
3 : A museum.
4 : A burial vault; a tomb.
5 : One that contains or is a store of something specified.
6 : One who is entrusted with secrets or confidential information.
‘Having been hurt so often in the past, Terri placed her heart in a sort of repository so that no one could ever get so close to her again.’
Latin reponere, reposit- : re- + ponere, to place.
requisite \REK-wuh-zit\ (adjective) –
Required by the nature of things or by circumstances; indispensable.
(noun) – That which is required or necessary; something indispensable.
"Birth is not a requisite. If it were, the golden fold would be composed of young people still in their teens… Brains are not a requisite either." — Edgar Saltus, ‘The Pomps of Satan’
Requisite derives from Latin requisitus, past participle of requirere, "to require."
resile \ri-ZYL\ (verb intr.) –
1 : To rebound or recoil.
2 : To shrink, withdraw, or retreat. ‘Once the needless threats of financial destruction were taken off the table, both parties could finally engage in a meaningful dialogue on how they could resile from their hardened positions and strike a compromise.’ From obsolete French resilir, from Latin resilire (to spring back).
ribald \RIB-uhld; RY-bawld\ (adjective) – Characterized by or given to vulgar humor; coarse.
(noun) – A ribald person; a lewd fellow.
"The play’s most memorable character delights you with his own delight in his silly, ribald jokes (most of which are unprintable here)."
Ribald derives from Old French ribaud, from riber, "to be wanton," from Old High German riban, "to be amorous" (originally, "to rub").
rictus \RIK-tuhs\ (noun) –
1 : The gape of the mouth, as of birds.
2 : A gaping grin or grimace.
"Nathan’s mouth contorted in a rictus of terror as he watched the thing from the swamp shamble slowly towards him."
Rictus is from Latin rictus, "the open mouth," from ringi, "to show the teeth."
rident \RYD-uhnt\ (adjective) – Laughing; cheerful.
‘The rident atmosphere in the development department was a positive change from the dour, depressing climate Albert left behind in accounting.’
From Latin ridere (to laugh) which is also the source of ridiculous, deride, and risible.
roue \roo-AY\ (noun) – A man devoted to a life of sensual pleasure; a debauchee; a rake.
"Franklin was an old roue who spent his time recovering from a lifetime of excesses, although he claimed to have no regrets."
Roue comes from French, from the past participle of rouer, "to break upon the wheel" (from the feeling that a roue deserves such a punishment), ultimately from Latin rota, "wheel."